A U-shaped formation increases pupil participation. It results in more discussion, more questions being asked and a general increase in pupil involvement. There is greater pupil-to-pupil interaction as well as between teacher and pupil. In this layout, you may also find that there is a greater degree of eye contact. It is extremely useful if someone has to speak, report on something or give an account. In a class where the atmosphere within the pupil body is unsettled, the U-shaped formation works well. This formation makes it easy for the teacher to maintain contact with all pupils, at the same time as ensuring that pupils who require greater attention receive it. It is also a good layout where teaching sessions start and end at the same time. We have a nice addition in the form of desk screens for work involving focused concentration, and the possibility of switching between standing and sitting positions will become a natural feature of the work.